Agoraphobia / Fear of open spaces or being in crowded


Agoraphobia / Fear of open spaces or being in crowded

Usually defined as a fear of open spaces and unfamiliar places, the phobia takes its name from agora, the Greek word for marketplace, and literally translates as “fear of the marketplace.”

In this type of phobia, a person generally fears being at place where escape is little difficult. Consequently, people with agoraphobia confine themselves to places in which they feel safe, usually at home. The patient with agoraphobia often makes complicated plans in order to avoid confronting feared situations and places.

Agoraphobia is a fear of being on your own in a place, such as a mall or an elevator or a room full of people, with no easy means of escape if a panic attack should occur.

Like, In some cases, a small child prefers to avoid going alone in other rooms.

Situation :

A 15 year old boy was going to his tuition classes. His tuition teacher was staying on 9th floor of the building. When the boy entered into elevator, electricity got cut-off and he had to spend 24 hours in that deadly elevator without food, water and electricity. This incident had an immense impact on boy’s mind and developed a fear of entering into elevator.

Social Phobia

Social Phobia

Social phobia means a fear to be in public, humiliated in front of other people. Because few socially-phobic people have heard of their own problem, and have never seen it discussed on any media, such as the television talk shows, they think they are the only ones in the whole world who have these terrible symptoms. Therefore, they must keep quiet about them.

Social phobic people cant relax or feel comfortable when there are other people around. They think that people are looking at then and judging them.

A person suffering from social phobia not necessarily show same symptom like others.

Like, I have one friend who just can not speak on phone when there is anyone around because he thinks that people are listening what they are talking on phone and judging their talking skills. Some can’t write in public with the fear that someone is watching what they are writing and they just cannot write.

The most common social phobia is a fear of public speaking. Sometimes social phobia involves a general fear of social situations such as parties.

Although this disorder is often thought of as shyness, the two are not the same. Shy people can be very uneasy around others, but they don’t experience the extreme anxiety in anticipating a social situation, and they don’t necessarily avoid circumstances that make them feel self-conscious. In contrast, people with social phobia aren’t necessarily shy at all. They can be completely at ease with people most of the time, but particular situations, such as walking down an aisle in public or making a speech, can give them intense anxiety.

One of the worst circumstances, though, is meeting people who are “authority figures”. Especially people such as bosses and supervisors at work, but including almost anyone who is seen as being “better” than they are in some respect. People with social anxiety may get a lump in their throat and their facial muscles may freeze up when they meet this person. The anxiety level is very high and they’re so focused on “not failing” and “giving themselves away” that they don’t even remember what was said in the conversation. But later on, they’re sure they must have said the wrong thing…..because they always do.

If you suffer from social phobia, you tend to think that other people are very competent in public and that you are not. Small mistakes you make may seem to you much more exaggerated than they really are. Blushing itself may seem painfully embarrassing, and you feel as though all eyes are focused on you. You may be afraid of being with people other than those closest to you.

Some situations of social phobia :
A person finds it difficult to walk down the street because he feels that people are watching him from their windows.

In this situation a person who is afraid of walking on the street thinks that he would be forced to say hello to them. But he is not very confident about he can be able to do that. In this fear if he says “Hello” his “Hello” is so weak that a person watching or walking cannot hear that and will makeout some how that he is frightened. More than anything else, he doesn’t want anyone to know that he’s afraid.

A student don’t want to attend her first day in University classes because he knows that on first day professor will ask them to introduce themselves in front of the class.

In this situation a student is thinking about standing in front of the class and introducing in front of many strangers who are staring at him that feeling makes them anxious. In this situation, a person knows that in his fear, he won’t be able to introduce properly due to fear and so would opt for skipping the class on the first day.

A person is feeling lonely and wants to go for social gatherings but avoid going because he is nervous about the new crowd at the party.

In this situation, the thought that there would be so many new people in the party makes the person worse. He thinks that how will he communicate in the crowd and even if he communicate what will people think about him. And in his fear he avoid communicating and would rather go for one corner without communication.

For social phobic person, his home is a most comfortable place where he can relax and enjoy. Many times people with social phobia when they’re around familiar people, may feel overwhelmed and have the feeling that others are noticing their every movement and critiquing their every thought. They feel like they are being observed critically and that other people are making negative judgments about them.

Arachnophobia / Fear of spiders

Arachnophobia / Fear of spiders

Arachnophobia” comes from the Greek words, “arachne”, meaning “spider“, and “phobos”, meaning “a fear“. Arachne was a beautiful Greek maiden who was was changed into a spider as a punishment.

Arachnophobia is most common type of animal phobia. If you suffer from fear of spiders its almost impossible to feel comfortable when there are spiders present.

All phobias represent an unreasonable fear of something but in truth very few spiders are dangerous to human.

Another trouble for those with arachnophobia is that spiders commonly live in houses. To suddenly be faced with your greatest fear dangling from a window or the bathroom wall can be a difficult encounter. Those with extreme arachnophobia might feel completely paralyzed by such an encounter and be unable to move or to approach the spider

This phobia can range from minimal discomfort, to a full-fledged panic attack when a spider is present or is spotted. Almost 50 percent of women and 10 percent of men reportedly share this phobia

Doctors in this kind of phobia often show pictures of spiders to the patients and even try to make them touch the picture. If the patients are comfortable with touching the picture, in last phase doctors carry actual spider and try to make their patient touch the spider. The only motive of this action is to ease the patient in feared condition and to make them realize that there is nothing bad happened when they touched spider.

Pteromerhanophobia / Fear of Flying / Fear of flight

Pteromerhanophobia / Fear of Flying / Fear of flight : This is also very common phobia experienced by many people.

There are many people who fears boarding flight. They feel feared with the thought that that the aircraft will crash and they will die in the ensuing disaster. The fear of death and trapped in a place where, it is almost impossible to get any help, makes sufferer very uncomfortable.

In 1980, a study conducted by Boeing Aircraft Corporation found that there are millions of people readily expressed a fear of getting on board an airplane.

Many individuals who suffer from this phobia break out into cold sweat and suffer from difficulty in breathing even while boarding the aircraft.

Such a phobia can make life extremely difficult for those professionals who must travel for their work, and many refuse to fly regardless of the consequences to their livelihood.

Trypanophobia / Fear of Needles

Trypanophobia / Fear of Needles

This is a most common phobia. This is not a fear of any needle but a fear of needles used by medical practitioners. Needle phobia is a condition that has become an increasingly important issue in medicine because of the modern reliance on injections and blood testing. Fear of needle is an intense fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. While people with fear of needle realize that these fears are irrational, they often find that facing, or even thinking about facing, the feared situation brings on a panic attack or severe anxiety.

This is actually a phobia that can kill you. Trypanophobia in general is pretty dangerous condition to have to begin with, as it means avoidance of needle, doctors, pathologists and dentists in the event of an illness, meaning that by the time they do present to a hospital they’re going to be in pretty poor shape.

Diagnosis of needle fear:

  1. Past Medical History :
    The study of patients past history about his long term needle fear usually from childhood or any medical treatment which a patient considers as fearful.
  2. Family Medical History :
    In more then 80% cases, the patient with needle phobia report strong needle fear in a first-degree relative, ie, parent, child, brother or sister.